Demonstration of quantum advantage by a joint detection receiver for optical communications using quantum belief propagation on a trapped-ion device

Citation:

Conor Delaney, Kaushik P. Seshadreesan, Ian MacCormack, Alexey Galda, Saikat Guha, and Prineha Narang. 2/25/2021. “Demonstration of quantum advantage by a joint detection receiver for optical communications using quantum belief propagation on a trapped-ion device.” arXiv. Publisher's Version

Abstract:

Demonstrations of quantum advantage have largely focused on computational speedups and on quantum simulation of many-body physics, limited by fidelity and capability of current devices. Discriminating laser-pulse-modulated classical-communication codewords at the minimum allowable probability of error using universal-quantum processing presents a promising parallel direction, one that is of both fundamental importance in quantum state discrimination, as well as of technological relevance in deep-space laser communications. Here we present an experimental realization of a quantum joint detection receiver for binary phase shift keying modulated codewords of a 3-bit linear tree code using a recently-proposed quantum algorithm: belief propagation with quantum messages. The receiver, translated to a quantum circuit, was experimentally implemented on a trapped-ion device -- the recently released Honeywell LT-1.0 system using 171Yb+ ions, which possesses all-to-all connectivity and mid-circuit measurement capabilities that are essential to this demonstration. We conclusively realize a previously postulated but hitherto not-demonstrated joint quantum detection scheme, and provide an experimental framework that surpasses the quantum limit on the minimum average decoding error probability associated with pulse-by-pulse detection in the low mean photon number limit. The full joint-detection scheme bridges across photonic and trapped-ion based quantum information science, mapping the photonic coherent states of the modulation alphabet onto inner product-preserving states of single-ion qubits. Looking ahead, our work opens new avenues in hybrid realizations of quantum-enhanced receivers with applications in astronomy and emerging space-based platforms